Glaucoma Symptoms – Learn To Recognize The Signs From The Onset
Glaucoma is a disease of the eye that causes optic nerve damage. With this kind of damage, it is said that the eyeball receives excessive pressure, one that can cause irreversible damage. It is important to recognize the glaucoma symptoms because leaving the condition untreated can lead to blindness.
Glaucoma usually affects the elderly (more specifically the ones that are 65 or older), however, diabetic patients as well as the people who take high blood pressure medications are also at risk.
One of the worst parts of having glaucoma is the thought that the disorder is already at an advanced stage so that the damage becomes irreparable. To avoid this, you need to learn about the disease and how it can be prevented.
Open-angle glaucoma or OAG often occurs without any symptoms. Patients may suffer from a bit of vision loss but this symptoms does not happen till the situation is already too serious. This happens to most patients because the unflawed eye makes up for the loss of vision. Visual acuity is not apparent till the late stages of the disease and by that time, a significant amount of vision may already have been lost.
Closed-angle glaucoma or CAG may also have zero symptoms, or signs that could range from mild to severe. CAG often affects one eyesight at a time. Severe symptoms include blurring of vision which happens suddenly, severe pain, colored halos around the lights, redness of one eye, vomiting, and nausea.
There may be short episodes of symptoms which occur during the night but disappear during the morning. This is referred to as sub acute closed-angle glaucoma or CAG. This type of glaucoma could happen suddenly and requires quick medical attention.
Congenital glaucoma, on the other hand, presents symptoms as early as the child’s birth. Infantile glaucoma then develops during the first few years of the infant’s life. The symptoms for this kind of glaucoma include watery eyes, photosensitivity, clouded vision, damaged cornea, slightly larger eye, enlarged eyeball, rubbing of the eyes, frequent squinting, and having the eyes closed most of the time.
It’s Time to Talk to a Doctor
So when is the proper time to consult a doctor about your glaucoma suspicions? The answer to this is – do not wait for the eye problems to get serious. It is vital to take regular eye exams so that the symptoms are detected early enough. With early detection comes the right kinds of treatment and prevention of the disease’s progression.
The American Academy of Ophthalmology suggests regular eye exams for adults beginning at the age of 40, more so if you have other risk factors. For people aged 60 and up, it becomes imperative to have the eyes checked by a doctor every 1-2 years. African-Americans are at risk starting from the age of 20 or 30.
Remember the glaucoma symptoms so that you can seek immediate medical attention the moment you begin experiencing them.