Dryness, itchiness and inflammation are all symptoms of eczema on face but these are nothing compared to the social embarrassment that comes with this skin condition. Medically referred to as dermatitis, this is a horrible skin problem that can lead to a serious tomato-like inflammation.
The eczema’s first stages can cause the skin to appear dry and feel itchy. If not treated from the onset, it can break the skin and become severe which can even give rise to severe bleeding. Affected areas can spread from the cheeks and forehead to the neck and scalp.
Researchers have already defined eczema as medical condition that can cause the skin to be irritated or inflamed. The most common type is atopic eczema or atopic dermatitis. While the term has been properly defined, researchers are still not able to pinpoint the exact cause of the disorder; however, hormonal imbalance, pollutants, allergies and even persistent stress are observed to be the chief causes of eczema on face.
In addition, facial eczema is often seen in families with a history of asthma and other forms of allergies. It is also observed to be linked to the immune system’s overactive response to irritants. Skin defects build up barriers that allow moisture out but keep the germs in.
A few people could have flare-ups of the rash as a response to certain conditions or substances. For others, coming in contact with rough materials causes itch on their skin. Still for others, too much coldness or hotness, also the body’s exposure to detergent, soap, or any household products can cause eczema. Upper respiratory infection can also be a trigger.
Eczema affects about 3% of adults and small children and about 10%-20% of infants in the U.S. Majority of infants who contract the condition often outgrow it by the time that they are 10 but there is unfortunate few who have the on and off symptoms all of their lives. With the right kind of treatment, the disease can be controlled.
There is no cure for eczema. Many people just manage the disease throughout their lives with medical treatment and steering clear of irritants. This skin condition is not contagious so it cannot be spread from one person to another.
Eczema treatment is there for relief from itch, when this is controlled, it is probable that the infection can also be hampered. Creams, lotions and other topical medications are often recommended so that the skin remains moist. Such products are applied while the skin is damp (preferably right after bathing). To relieve itching, doctors also suggest cold compresses.
Hydrocortisone 1% cream is one of many over-the-counter products that are prescribed by physicians. Such ointments and creams contain corticosteroids that can reduce inflammation. Also, if infection sets in, the doctor can also prescribe antibiotics that will kill the bacteria.
Other treatments for eczema on face include antihistamines that can relieve itching, tar treatments (chemicals that are designed to relieve itching), phototherapy or the use of ultraviolet light on the skin) and other forms of drugs such as cyclosporine.